9 Holiday Characters From Around the World – Mental Floss is a quick review of the various other Christmas characters in the western world. I teach Western Civilization and am well aware of the connectedness of European and American culture. Given that fact, the variety of the theme is remarkable.
Sadly, Mental Floss is not in the habit of citing their sources on these lists. Still, universities in this country teach about these cultures in their foreign language departments and may well provide some additional information. I think it is worth it–this is a nifty cultural lesson. It relates back to an old theme shared by Sam Weinburg and this blog, among many others, about the challenges of grappling with the familiar and the unfamiliar.
Below, I describe a lesson plan emphasizing these things. It is written for a classroom, but easily adapted into a homeschooling lesson plan.
Suggested lesson plan (outline):
Introduction: Have each student describe their family’s Christmas traditions (note, these do not need to be religious traditions, obviously, if you feel more comfortable you can phrase it based on what students’ families do on their winter breaks)–do this by having each free write for five minutes or break the class into small groups and have each share with his or her group, then have someone from each group describe someone else’s family tradition. (It is worth keeping in mind that a student may not have a family tradition for the Christmas holidays because of religion, personal tragedy, or different cultural background. This does not mean you shouldn’t do the exercise! This is as important and valuable a learning experience as the others!!! The greater diversity in your classroom the greater the opportunity students will have to learn from each other! Also, remember that Santa Claus is almost entirely secular in the U.S.)
Activity 1: Assign the reading from Mental Floss, provided in the link above. Ask students to each read the whole article, or break it down so that each student reads one of the descriptions, or make small groups in which they each group reads three of the character descriptions.
Activity 2: If you haven’t already, break the students into small groups. These can be the same as the previous activity or entirely new groups. Unless they all read the same thing, have each student describe what they read. Then have each group answer these questions (adjust as needed for age or experience):
- Which continents do these traditions come from?
- What religions celebrate Christmas?
- Is there a connection between the answer of question 1 and the answer of question 2?
- What do these characters have in common (how they look, how they act, time of year in which they appear)?
- How are these characters different (how they look, how they act, time of year in which they appear)?
Reflection: For either a brief reflective essay or a brief reflective discussion ask students to answer the following: Why do you think we have so many different traditions for the same holiday?
From here a homework assignment could be made for further research into the different cultures and the character featured–and other cultural Christmas characters could be added, perhaps even as the result of the student discussion of Christmas (or winter break) traditions. Ideally, this results in a feast with information about the cultures represented and their winter holiday traditions, such as games, music and songs, etc. One might also just as easily make the next assignment about the class’s research of itself by having each student share more about their own family traditions and history.
American culture came out of European culture and for all of their similarities this reading helps illustrate the limits of the cultural similitude while nonetheless emphasizing the cohesion in comparison with the rest of the world. This is an important point to learn from the exercise though it will probably resonate more with older students who have had more history exposure or to a particularly diverse class that is roundly international. The follow-up exercise options described immediately above will be more appropriate depending on the class age and level of exposure, so adjust accordingly.
This lesson plan is designed to work on the following skills:
- oral and aural communication: speaking and listening
- historical thinking: making connections based on history knowledge
- cognitive thinking: drawing conclusions based on provided information, cause and effect
If you try this or variant of it, or if you have your own already existent lesson plan, please, share your experiences, below.